Pilar Lopez provided a sensitive and compelling introduction to the history and songs of the Spanish Civil War at today’s Tolpuddle Martyr’s Festival in Dorset, UK. The Martyr’s Festival is an annual acknowledgement of the history of the Trades Union movement in the UK, starting as it did from the arrest of a group of Dorset workers for forming the Friendly Society of Agricultural Workers to resist wage reductions following the Industrial Revolution.
The informative performance included a rich description of the traumatic social background to the conflict, describing the oppressive roles of land owners, the catholic church and industrial exploitation. She accurately described the conflict as not only a war but also a social revolution and talked about the collectivisation of land and industry and suggests that the previous generation’s reluctance to discuss the events are now changing with the current generation. She described the role of the Indignados ( see Facebook’s Indignado’s page ) within Spain’s current economic and political difficulties.
The songs include
En la plaza de mi pueblo http://pilarawa.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/03-en-la-plaza-de-mi-pueblo.mp3
Scattered in the wind http://pilarawa.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/02-scattered-in-the-wind.mp3
si me quires escribir http://pilarawa.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/05-si-me-quires-escribir1.mp3
A las barricadas! http://pilarawa.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/04-a-las-barricadas.mp3
Song of a peasant girl http://pilarawa.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/06-song-of-a-peasnt-girl.mp3
Si la bala me da http://pilarawa.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/07-si-la-bala-me-da.mp3
Esparcidas en el aire http://pilarawa.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/01-esparcidas-en-el-aire.mp3
Mass grave site near Orgiva, southern Spain, filled with the remains of murdered Republican militia and civilians from the Alpujarra region of Andalucia. This site was recently portrayed in a Michael Portillo documentary about the civil war in Spain. There were 6 mass graves ‘fosas’ or trenches here. This is chillingly described on this website here with maps of the area.
It was one of the worst massacres of the Franco era.
During the early days of the Spanish Civil War, a large group of women and children were rounded up and shot in a chapel near Jimena de la Frontera.
It happened in November that year, when Franco’s Fascist troops arrived at the small hamlet of La Sauceda
Republicans were quickly rounded up by the Nationalist troops.
Under the leadership of Guardia Jose Robles, the captured women and children were then taken by lorry to a chapel at nearby Marrufo, while their menfolk followed on foot.
Later this month, the slaughter of the hundreds of innocents – thought to be the largest such massacre in Cadiz – will be remembered in a special commemoration ceremony. It happened in November that year, when Franco’s Fascist troops arrived at the small hamlet of La Sauceda
Once there, they were held captive for a number of days, during which many of the women were raped.
Then finally, they were shot and dumped in communal graves next to the chapel.
Their husbands were unable to help and were soon added to the mass of bodies.
Taken from The Olive Press here
It is not known exactly how many people were killed, but locals estimated that the figure is a few hundred.